The psychological theories and therapeutic interventions in the narcissistic disorders

In this context it is useful to recall Kohut"s concept of optimal frustration. The most pervasive defense mechanism is the grandiose defense. The supportive therapist thus allows the narcissist to heal his or her current low self esteem and reinstate the damaged grandiosity. In general, hospitalizations should be brief and the treatment specific to the particular symptom involved.

Interventions in the Narcissistic Disorders

It is therefore essential for the therapist to be alert to the narcissists attempts to steer therapy towards healing the injured grandiose part, rather than exploring the underlying feelings of inferiority and despair.

The therapist must have a good understanding of the principles of the narcissistic personality style, both for interpretation to the patient and for use in combating counter-transference.

The grandiosity of the narcissist, however, is often so pervasive that we tend to dehumanize him or her. The practicing subphase age 10 to 14 months marks the developmental stage at which the child learns to walk.

Existentialists postulate that society as a whole can be the crucial factor in the development of narcissism. Therefore, meaningful emotional interactions with others are avoided. The cardinal feature of the narcissistic personality is the grandiose sense of self importance, but paradoxically underneath this grandiosity the narcissist suffers from a chronically fragile low self esteem.

The structure is physically and emotionally secure enough to sustain the patient with severe ego weakness throughout the course of expressive, conflict-solving psychotherapy. The cure of the narcissist than does not come from the selfobject transference relationships per se.

The object is viewed as an extension of the self, in the sense that the narcissist considers others to be a merged part of him or her.

Psychoanalysis/On Narcissism - Psychological Theories and Therapeutic term paper 5495

The final perspective to be discussed is the humanistic approach which although lacking a specific theory on narcissism, can nevertheless be applied to the narcissistic disorder. We are all born as narcissists and gradually our infantile narcissism matures into a healthy adult narcissism.

In order for the transference relationship to develop the therapist must be emphatic in understanding the patient"s narcissistic needs.

Psychological Theories on Narcissism

In either case, the narcissist is trying to cover up the injury so that the therapist will not notice it. Ten minutes later out come a lion and a rabbit.

The object is viewed as an extension of the self, in the sense that the narcissist considers others to be a merged part of him or her. By simultaneously seeking the admiration of others and keeping them at a distance the narcissist is usually able to maintain the illusion of grandiosity no matter how people respond.

These people are not character disordered.Narcissism: Psychological Theories and Therapeutic Interventions in the Narcissistic Disorders Introduction Understanding the Narcissistic Phenomenon The so called "narcissistic personality disorder" is a complex and often misunderstood disorder.

The cardinal feature of the narcissistic personality is the grandiose sense of self importance, but. On Narcissism: Psychological Theories and Therapeutic Interventions in the Narcissistic Disorders Essay by Anonymous User, High School, 12th grade, A+, November download word file, 17 pages download word file, 17 pages 9 votes 1 reviews/5(1).

This Research Paper Interventions in the Narcissistic Disorders and other 64,+ term papers, The Therapeutic Essence of Treating Narcissism several psychological theories have attempted to explain and treat the narcissistic phenomenon.

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Psychotherapy with a Narcissistic Patient Using Kohut's Self Psychology Model

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The psychological theories and therapeutic interventions in the narcissistic disorders
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