His navy had become as as large as that of England and Holland. Inthe chief nuns at both convents were arrested and the convents were put under a military guard. Not even future defeats would cause France to lose its land in the Rhine or Flanders.
Louis himself was a strong believer that the Roman Catholic Church was an essential tool within France of maintaining control over the people. Many left France, those that remained were persecuted. He left orders in his will to make it so. Instead of breaking down as was expected, he held himself together.
The movement put its emphasis on a total love of God which made ceremonies and religious works unnecessary. Away from disease, Versailles also isolated the king from his people. Therefore, in simple numeric terms they represented a far greater threat to French stability than the Jansenists did and previous French history had shown that the Huguenots could be less than loyal to the crown.
The ensuing war, fought on both hemispheres, lasted from to ; France emerged with most of its territory intact but its resources severely strained. His finance minister, Jean-Baptiste Colbertimplemented reforms that sharply reduced the deficit and fostered the growth of industry, while his war minister, the Marquis de Louvoisexpanded and reorganized the French army.
He invited many nobles to live with him in his magnificent palace. He also used intendants, which he handpicked for each region to represent his rule against entrenched local interests such as parlements, provincial estates, and noble governors. Most famously, he transformed a royal hunting lodge in Versailles, a village 25 miles southwest of the capital, into one of the largest palaces in the world, officially moving his court and government there in He allowed his armies to commit atrocities, and countries were reduced to slave states.
Louis never called meetings and therefore, the nobility, had no means of united expression or action. His 5-year-old grandson succeeded him as Louis XV.
Inthe devoutly Catholic king revoked the Edict of Nantes, issued by his grandfather Henry IV inwhich had granted freedom of worship and other rights to French Protestants known as Huguenots. The long conflict plunged a famine-ridden France into massive debt, turning public opinion against the crown.
This began to shape in his young mind an early fear of God.
This war ended in with the signing of the Treaty of Rijswijk. However since Louis was too young, his mother, Anne of Austria, and her Italian-born adviser Cardinal Mazarin, ruled as regents in his name.
Louis was victorious when the Treaty of Mijmegen was signed in He began to instruct Louis on his position as king. The Treaties of Utrecht, Rastatt and Baden in finally ended the war. His private life was not as fortunate. The Church in France sided with Louis and the 59 new dioceses officially gained the patronage of Louis — with the financial rewards this would bring — and further allowed him to extend his power outside of Paris.
To Louis, what was good for him was good for France — he saw no difference in the two and a Church that was subordinate to Louis was good for him. Inthe French army retreated under pressure Louis xiv and religion essay Dutch and English forces. He would never forgive Paris, the nobles, or the common people.
By his death inthe power of Louis XIV has declined significantly. Louis XIV never forgot this incident, and the result would show in his policies that were designed to prevent any recurrence of the revolts.
InLouis ordered the destruction of the convent at Port-Royal des Champs. Both groups wanted action taken against the Huguenots. Protestants would be barred from assembling and their marriages would be deemed invalid.
A diplomatic necessity more than anything else, the union produced six children, of whom only one, Louissurvived to adulthood. The most elaborate was Versailles, located outside Paris. His heir, the last son of the Duc de Bourgogne, was a sickly five-year-old child. Under Colbert the French government established overseas trading companies and granted manufacturing monopolies.
For five years, Louis would suffer fear, cold, hunger and other spirit-breaking events. He revoked the Edict of Nantes, which had granted them freedom of worship.
The hard-fought victory cost France its status as a world power, but its territories were untouched. The terms of the Edict of Nantes were strictly enforced for decades they had not been and decrees were issued which made it more and more difficult for a Huguenot to get a job in any of the professions.Apr 22, · Louis Xiv Essay.
Compare and Contrast of the Paintings: Man in a Red Turban and Louis XIV by Van Eyck and Rigaud. Words | 4 Pages. An Essay on Religion; Holes by Louis Sachar - People Can do Extraordinary Things When Put to the Test; A Brief Biography of Louis Armstrong. Louis XIV - religion and dissension Jansenism Cornelius Otto Jansen () was educated at the University of Louvain - the local epicentre of bitter arguments over predestination and free will (ended in by order of Pope Clement VIII).
Louis XIV held simple views regarding religion that dated back to Francis I – that the king controlled the Catholic Church and that the Church should do h. A comparison and contrast between Charles I and Louis XIV King Louis XIV: Outstanding example of absolute monarch Aim to make himself supreme in Europe Stringent religious toleration (change the Huguenots) King Charles I: Devine right of Kings (monarch’s right to rule came from God) Conflicts with Parliament forced religion Wars There is an institution as old as the world: Monarchy-Kingship.
Essay: Louis XIV, The Sun King. Even though Louis XIV was now of age, the Cardinal remained the dominant authority in French politics. Although credited with bringing France to the status it achieved, his policies concerning religion, his isolation of the throne at Versailles, and his last will combined to lead to the downfall of the.
During Louis XIV’s reign, his main goal was “One king, one law, one faith.” He achieved the goals “one king” and “one law”, by limiting the power of others, and .Download