An analysis of allergic reactions and preventions in wearing latex in the workplace

Whenever she changed jobs, she informed her supervisors of her allergy and was supplied with nonlatex gloves. Management of an acute reaction involves removal of the irritant, cleansing of the affected area, monitoring vital signs for changes, and seeking additional medical assistance as warranted.

The second and third incidents occurred after eating cherries and a banana, respectively. A person who comes in contact with latex may sustain a mild allergic reaction. Contributed by Helen M. Is it an allergic reaction? After screening, further assessment and management are determined by whether the history was positive or negative and whether the person is in a high- or low-risk group 915 Figure.

Ten minutes into her cesarean section, which was being performed by a surgeon wearing latex gloves, she experienced a severe drop in blood pressure.

The reaction was successfully treated, but the reason for anaphylaxis remained unclear. She underwent a radioallergosorbent test RASTwhich identifies specific IgE antibodies in the blood, 2225 with positive results for latex and banana.

These signs and symptoms were not previously noted and developed after the injury. Latex, a sap from the rubber tree, is found in many products used in everyday life. At that point, she received treatment for her reactions, and improvement was noted.

The first reaction occurred after she wore latex gloves. After this reaction, she stopped wearing the gloves, and her symptoms decreased.

Signs and symptoms may range from rhinitis to death. At that time, it was assumed that her reaction was due to the cleaning agents used in the hospital. Although mineral talc is heavier and less frequently airborne than cornstarch, it produces a more severe reaction in latex-sensitive individuals.

The athlete has a runny nose, itchy and watery eyes, and a tickle in the throat with a cough. She developed breathing difficulties so intense that she was required to spend 3 days on a ventilator.

She was rushed to the emergency room, where she informed medical personnel that she was latex sensitive. For irritant dermatitis, remove the irritating substance, cleanse the area with soap and water, apply topical corticosteroids to reduce the inflammatory response, use hydrating creams after water contact, use hydrating creams overnight covered by cotton gloves, and recommend evaluation by a dermatologist for allergic contact dermatitis.

Jennifer Catalfano, BS, ATC-L, contributed to acquisition of the data and drafting, critical revision, and final approval of the article. Several latex-sensitivity tests are used in the United States today.

Heart rate increased, and signs of asthma, difficulty breathing, and nasal congestion were present. Also, she experienced vaginal pruritus and soreness after intercourse using a latex condom.

Those at risk may be identified through a thorough medical history and allergy testing. She was sent to an outpatient facility because of chronic rhinitis with sneezing, nasal congestion, and a runny nose. Repeated exposures decrease tolerance and increase the likelihood of a type I reaction.

It was later determined that the cleaning agents had only served to make latex particles more airborne, therefore contributing to her allergic reaction.

Latex allergies in the workplace

At times, she would run out of the hypoallergenic gloves and revert to latex gloves, which always provoked an allergic reaction.

Address correspondence to Helen M. On the day she presented in the emergency room with a severe anaphylactic shock reaction, she had just finished playing a game of squash. After these incidents, the patient avoided latex gloves. She had an ongoing case of contact dermatitis after wearing latex gloves the previous 2 months.

She suffered a severe anaphylactic reaction with generalized urticaria during the most recent surgery. She stopped wearing latex gloves after developing sneezing, pruritus, conjunctivitis, and facial angioedema facial swelling 1 but continued working with colleagues who wore latex gloves. She lost consciousness for a short time and was admitted to the hospital but was treated and released the next morning.

A number of cases of latex-sensitivity reactions have been documented in the literature. Follow-up allergy testing revealed positive skin-prick tests to several extracts of latex and latex gloves.

Reactions can be complicated by contact with other substances, thus causing a cross-reaction. However, when later ingesting a cross-reacting food, new reactions can occur within 5 to 30 minutes, resulting in itching and irritation of oral tissues, swelling of the lips and tongue, and sometimes papules or blistering of these tissues.

Symptoms of a reaction include hives; wheezing; coughing; shortness of breath; sneezing; nasal congestion; runny nose; conjunctivitis red, itchy, watery eyes 1 ; nasal, palatal, or ocular itching; urticaria; nasorhinitis chronic runny nose 1 ; asthma; and hypotension.

Within 10 minutes after the match was completed, her hands and feet swelled and she experienced periorbital tingling and dizziness. Additionally, ways to prevent latex exposure, to educate health care workers and athletes about latex allergy, and to provide safe alternatives to latex are investigated.Management of latex allergies consists of treating an emergency, screening for the condition, and preventing reactions and situations from occurring in the first place.

Three main levels of allergic reactions, as previously defined, are associated with latex. Therefore, treatment ranges from simple to emergent-care procedures.

Increased awareness of latex allergy has resulted in more numerous reports of this allergy. Health care workers develop sensitization from regular latex exposure—wearing latex gloves or inhaling aerosolized latex in the workplace.

Inthere were more than product liability lawsuits pending over latex allergies (Kurtz, ). Start studying Latex Sensitivity-Allergy. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. Are potentially the most serious form of allergic reaction to latex *Occur in people who have previously become sensitized **Symptoms= itiching, redness, swelling, sneezing & wheezing may occur.

Wear. Latex allergies in the workplace On behalf of Angiuli & Gentile, LLP posted in Workplace Illness on Tuesday, September 12, Business owners in New York need to provide alternatives to latex to prevent workers' compensation issues related to allergies.

Preventing Allergic Reactions to Natural Rubber Latex in the Workplace tists that you have latex allergy. • Wear a medical alert bracelet. 9. Take advantage of all latex allergy education and training Natural Rubber Latex in the Workplace WARNING!

Preventing Allergic Reactions to Natural Rubber Latex in the Workplace

Workers exposed to and other products containing natural rubber. Employees should be familiar with procedures for preventing latex allergy and should learn to recognize the symptoms of latex allergy.

Screen high risk employees for latex allergy symptoms periodically. Detecting symptoms early and preventing further latex exposure are essential for preventing long-term effects.

An analysis of allergic reactions and preventions in wearing latex in the workplace
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